Grading System, Academic Year and Language of Instruction in Bulgaria

The educational institutions in Bulgaria use a 5-point grading scale, wherein the highest grade is 6 and grade below 3 is considered “fail”.

 Grading ScalePercentage Grade description (In English) Grade description (In Bulgarian) US Grade  Notes
 5.50-6.00 92-100% Excellent Отличен ABest possible grade
 4.50-5.49 75-91% Very Good Много добър ANext highest grade
 3.50-4.49 59-74% Good Добър BAverage performance
 3.00-3.49 50-58% Satisfactory  Среден CLowest passing
 2.00-2.99 0-49% Fail Слаб FFailing grade

Academic Year

The academic year in Bulgaria runs from mid-September to June end. The academic year is categorized into two semesters: 
  • Semester one starts in mid-September till January.
  • Semester two starts in February and ends in June.
During the academic year, there are Easter, Summer and Christmas holidays.

Language of Instruction

The official language of instruction in Bulgaria is Bulgarian. 
  • At school level, students are allowed to study in their mother tongue. 
  • In profile-oriented schools and specialized language schools, the language of instruction is Italian, Spanish, Russian, English, French, Hebrew, Armenian, etc. 
  • At university level, the language of instruction is English. Some programmes in technical universities are taught in French and German as well.
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